How do I read a food label for dog or cat food?
Every label on a pack of dog or cat food contains the following information:
Crude protein: 25.0% (example)
Fat content: 9.0%
Crude cellulose: 2.5%
Crude ash: 6.0%
Moisture content: 9.0%
Keen to know how much carbohydrate is in your dog or cat food? Then add these percentages together and subtract them from 100%. Whatever is left is the percentage of carbohydrate in the food.
Protein, fat and carbohydrate provide your four-legged friend with the energy he needs.
Crude cellulose comes from the cell walls of plant products and can’t be digested by cats and dogs. They need this crude cellulose because it’s good for their intestines. A low percentage (between 2 and 3) is great.
Crude ash has nothing to do with what’s left after a fire. Crude ash is the proportion of the food that can’t be digested by your pet. In order to be able to provide energy, proteins, fats and carbohydrates are burned in the body. What’s left over after they’re burned is the minerals. This is also referred to as crude ash. The crude ash percentage is usually between 5 and 8% (dry food) and 2% (wet food).
The moisture content varies depending on the type of food. 80-82% moisture is normal in wet food, whereas the figure is around 9-10% in dry food (kibbles). When you give your dog or cat dry food, please always ensure you give him a bowl of fresh drinking water.